Information

about a program of digital transformation of the Kyrgyz Republic Taza Koom

In his speech at a meeting of the National Council for Sustainable Development on 3rd April 2017 President of the Kyrgyz Republic A. Atambaev noted a need to build in Kyrgyzstan knowledge-based economy and pure and honest society - Smart Nation, or Taza Koom in Kyrgyz.

Therefore, in order to build an open and transparent state, raise life standard of citizens, as well as improve the business environment in the Kyrgyz Republic, a nation-wide program of digital transformation starts, which is called Taza Koom. Taza Koom is a key component of the National Sustainable Development Strategy until 2040 which is based on human capital and innovations in harmony with the environment.

Taza Koom is a high-tech program to build an open and transparent state, which serves its citizens, which is for people and where human life, rights, freedoms, health, education, raising life standard of citizens and improving business environment are in the centre.

 

I. Context: digital transformation for all

 

Economies of all countries without exception undergo global transformation; thanks to innovations, the labour market, processes and methods of production change, new high-tech goods and services appear which did not exist before.

Kyrgyzstan can make a qualitative leap in its development, choosing completely new ways of its future development through innovations, knowledge and omnipresent use of information technologies. Through technologies, knowledge and innovations, Kyrgyzstan has a unique chance to make a qualitative and rapid breakthrough in its development and shift from a country with a factorial economy based on low-skilled labour and the use of natural resources to an innovative country based on the digital economy, technologies, innovations and knowledge.

Information and communication technologies (ICT) are an integral part of the economic and social development of a country, which seeks to become an information society. Therefore Taza Koom is one of key factors and catalysts that expedite and support sustainable country development and achievement of all 17 sustainable development goals and their corresponding tasks, support implementation of outcome documents of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS+10) because Taza Koom is based on omnipresent, comprehensive, intersectoral use of ICT.

Taza Koom will also become an efficient tool to eradicate corruption in the government sector by minimising human factor through automation of administrative processes and procedures and providing digital public services.

Provision of access to modern, secure and affordable infrastructure, applications and services create opportunities for improving the life of people and ensuring real sustainable innovative development in Kyrgyzstan.

It is necessary to conduct dramatic reform of public administration system through digital transformation.

In order to really become a digital state, it is necessary to create a unified information space in the country and comprehensively and uniformly cover all branches of power: executive, legislative and judicial, introduce more actively principles and approaches of electronic democracy, providing for participation of citizens and business structures in decision making using online tools. It is necessary to develop the digital economy, introduce innovations and expand digital knowledge and expertise at all levels.

 

II. Taza Koom vision

 

Digital Kyrgyzstan is a country with developed information society based on innovations and knowledge, digital national content, efficient, transparent and accountable public administration, digital participation of citizens, ensuring omnipresent access of citizens to information, digital infrastructure and digital services that will become foundation for digital economy and stimulate competitiveness of the country, welfare of the population and will minimize corruption.

Taza Koom is a national program of digital transformation, which uses the power of data industry, technologies, digital infrastructure to improve the life of people, create new economic opportunities and stronger society where people, their values and capacity are in the centre.

 

III. Goals, tasks, principles

 

Taza Koom program sets 7 goals and 4 strategic tasks based on 7 principles.

Seven goals of Taza Koom

Taza Koom has 7 equally important goals:

  1. Building world-class digital infrastructure based on green technologies and clean energy (broadband telecommunication network, data processing centres, cloud technologies, digital platforms);
  2. Creating a favourable environment for sustainable innovative development (policy, legislation, institutes);
  3. Digital opportunities for all, digital skills for digital economy (access for everyone to digital knowledge, innovations, experience and opportunities for production, use and sale of clean goods and services);
  4. Support, so that each Kyrgyzstani becomes a digital citizen having necessary knowledge and opportunities (involvement of citizens in management of their country using digital technologies);
  5. Creating an open digital society, the driving force of which is data industry (open public data, touch-sensitive technologies and telemetry, internet of things, cloud computing, big data);
  6. Making Kyrgyzstan a safe place to live and work online (safety of technologies, data and networks);
  7. Making Kyrgyzstan a regional hub of digital Silk Road for digital business and digital innovations (favourable digital environment).

Four strategic tasks

The stated goals shall be achieved through 4 strategic tasks and corresponding subtasks supported with specific planned activity outcomes which will be included in the action plan. 

  1. Creating and developing a modern, safe, omnipresent and affordable digital information and communication infrastructure and creating trust and providing security when using ICT:

1.1. Creating and developing digital ICT infrastructure (networks, data processing centers, cloud technologies, information and services access centers, digital platforms), including broadband telecommunication and radio broadcasting; accessibility of telecommunication services for all groups of citizens, including groups with special needs, within walking distance; overcoming digital gap in access, standardization; compliance, functional compatibility and management of radio-frequency spectrum;

1.2. Creating and reinforcing trust and ensuring security when using ICT (cybersecurity);

1.3. Reducing disaster risks and providing ICT in emergencies.

  1. Creating a favourable ICT ecosystem by improving legislation, efficient state regulation policy, collecting high-quality and comparable at international level statistical data on ICT sector based on latest international standards and methods; building human and institutional capacity.

2.1. Developing favourable policy and legislation for sustainable development of ICT;

2.2. Collecting high-quality and comparable at international level statistical data on ICT sector based on latest international standards and methods;

2.3. Building human and institutional capacity and raising awareness - integrated programs of building capacity and raising awareness of public and municipal officials, population, institutes, civil society, academic and educational institutions, business and expert community.

  1. Creating open digital society - developing digital services and applications in order to expand opportunities for people and the society for socio-economic development and protecting the environment based on open public data and analysing big data, touch-sensitive technologies, telemetry, spatial data infrastructure:

3.1. Digital public services for citizens and business (including digital government and digital local self-government, digital Parliament and digital judicial system);

3.2. Digital services in social sphere (digital healthcare, digital education);

3.3. Digital commerce, digital finance, digital agriculture;

3.4. National spatial data infrastructure;

3.5. Digital national content - stimulating the development of local digital content online;

3.6. Covering people with special needs with digital technologies;

3.7. Digital services and solutions for the adaptation to climate change and mitigation of its consequences; protecting the environment through efficient management of water and other natural resources and waste.

  1. Stimulating the creation and development of ICT-oriented innovations and partnership

4.1. Building and reinforcing capacity for integrating innovations and partnership using ICT;

4.2. Establishing new approaches and implementing mechanisms of public-private partnership in ICT innovations;

4.3. Creating new business models starting from developing an idea, its piloting and up to commercial start - start-up ICT incubators, cluster hubs, a network of business angels, venture financing, etc.

4.4. Developing partnership - interaction with all stakeholders (civil and business community, educational and scientific circles, international development partners, etc.) in order to achieve set tasks with maximum efficiency, harmony and coordination of actions, taking into account interests of all parties.

Seven principles

The implementation of specified goals and tasks is based on the following 7 principles:

  1. Innovations, research, science – stimulating the development of ICT-oriented innovations, innovative economy for ensuring economic growth;
  2. Partnership – openness for multilateral partnership, outsourcing, crowdsourcing, supporting local initiatives;
  3. Skills – providing each person with basic skills, required in modern economy, by creating a new system of primary, secondary, higher education and education for disabled children, a system of continuing development of professional qualifications;
  4. Omnipresence – provision of modern, secure, omnipresent and accessible for each citizen digital information and communication infrastructure and digital services;
  5. Openness - expansion of opportunities for citizens and business by developing open digital economy and digital public services, raising participation of citizens in decision-making using ICT tools;
  6. Accessible energy and clean growth – reducing costs for enterprises and providing economic benefits from shifting to low-carbon green economy;
  7. Favourable investment environment – state policy inducing productivity and economic growth, the introduction of new ways of doing business and attracting investments.

 

IV. Expected outcomes

 

Taza Koom program will open for Kyrgyzstan many prospects. Implementation of this program will raise efficiency of state bodies thanks to automation of many processes and introduction of transparency: this is introduction of new technologies into various spheres of activity and preparation for the transfer to digital economy, that in the future will create a mobile and flexible state able to respond quickly to any modern trends.

 

This initiative will help to achieve positive results for the population, business and public sector. For the population: reducing poverty and income inequality, creating new jobs and raising the welfare of the population. The project will cover various spheres of social and legal life of citizens, raise quality and safety of their lives. New sales markets will open for business, profit and competitiveness will rise. In public sector efficiency of public bodies will improve, corruption will reduce, the trust of the population will grow. We will achieve these goals by building the infrastructure of new technologies, improving regulatory environment and nurturing human capital.